Healthy diets may protect against dementia

first_imgBy Dr. Liji Thomas, MDMar 8 2019Reviewed by Kate Anderton, B.Sc. (Editor)The best way to keep your mind sharp as you age is to eat a healthy diet, according to recent research. The research suggests that following a varied dietary plan in middle-age can influence dementia risk in later life. Alena Haurylik | ShutterstockOne study looked at participants following a Mediterranean-style diet,  the Dietary Approaches to Stop Hypertension (DASH) diet, and A Priori Diet Quality Scores (APDQS) (a food quality score based on the nutritional benefits of particular foods).The study included over 2600 participants, both male and female, aged 25 – 45 years. The diet of each participant was assessed by repeated questionnaires at three-time points, which were used to determine the average dietary intake for each individual.Those who followed the first two diet patterns had the best cognitive health at 50 – 55 years, compared to the third. Why? These diets are heavy on monounsaturated fats, legumes, protein, fiber and micronutrients like thiamine, folate, magnesium, zinc, iron, and potassium.The Western diet is rich in trans and saturated fats, highly processed vegetables and other foods, as well as refined sugar and salt. In contrast, the Mediterranean-style diet is rich in whole grains, nuts, fruits, vegetables, and olive oil but lacks processed meat, red meat, trans or saturated fats, and refined sugars.In addition to brain health, the Mediterranean diet has also been suggested to have protective effects against cardiovascular disease.In another small study from St Louis University, participants displayed better endurance-related performance when following a Mediterranean-style diet compared to a conventional Western diet.The participants ran five kilometers on a treadmill, once after four days on a Mediterranean diet, and another time after four days on a Western diet.After this short four-day regime, the Mediterranean diet produced a 6% faster speed, despite heart rates being comparable during both runs.The reason for this difference may be because a Mediterranean-type diet is more alkaline, has anti-inflammatory properties, contains nitrates, and is high in antioxidants. This study provides evidence that a diet that is known to be good for health is also good for exercise performance. Now they have an additional incentive to eat healthy.”Edward Weiss, Senior Researcher of the SLU study It should be noted, however, that no significant benefits were observed for weight-bearing activities.Weiss points out that multiple nutrients in the Mediterranean diet boost exercise performance on their own. This may account for the benefit resulting from their combination in a single dietary pattern. He warns, however: “Benefits were also quickly lost when switching to the Western diet, highlighting the importance of long-term adherence to the Mediterranean diet.”A third study exploring the way Australians ate showed that a brain-healthy diet was associated with the same reduction of risk for cognitive decline in their later life. This study used the Mediterranean-DASH Intervention for Neurodegenerative Delay diet, or the MIND diet, to assess the potential protection of a healthy diet against Alzheimer’s and other forms of dementia.The MIND diet was developed by Professor Martha Morris, in the US. It borrows not only from the Mediterranean-type diet plan but also from a list of foods that are known to benefit brain health, like antioxidant-rich berries and green leafy vegetables.MIND is thus distinguished from other similar-appearing plans by its detailed inclusion of brain-protective foods, apart from emphasizing whole grains, green leafy vegetables, olive oil and a very little red meat. Altogether, it contains 15 components.The study looked at whether cognitive impairment developed over a span of 12 years in 1220 Australian adults of ages 60 years and over. At the beginning of the study, the scientists interviewed participants about their diet and analyzed the results using the CSIRO Healthy Diet Score, which measures the quality of eating habits.In addition to traditional categories like green leafy vegetables and whole grains, CSIRO allows separate tracking of typical Western components such as cakes and pastries. This permits a simpler and more accurate picture of dietary pattern.The answers were then assigned scores to group the participants into two groups: one followed the MIND and the other the Mediterranean diet.The group who followed the MIND diet lowered their risk of developing cognitive decline or dementia by almost a fifth, compared to the average. The other group which was on the traditional Mediterranean diet showed zero benefit.Kaarin Anstey, director of the UNSW Ageing Futures Institute, led the study in an attempt to reduce the incidence of dementia and make it possible to grow old without falling ill. In this context, she says, “This study has shown for the first time, outside of the United States, that the MIND diet reduces the risk of dementia.”center_img Source:Dietary patterns in early life pay dividends for midlife cognitive performance. Neurology. 6th March 2019.last_img read more

Daily marijuana use may increase risk of psychosis

first_img Source:The contribution of cannabis use to variation in the incidence of psychotic disorder across Europe (EU-GEI): a multicentre case-control study. The Lancet Psychiatry. 19th March 2019. By Sally Robertson, B.Sc.Mar 25 2019Reviewed by Kate Anderton, B.Sc. (Editor)People who use marijuana on a daily basis may be at an increased risk of developing psychosis, particularly if the marijuana is high-potency, according to a study recently published in The Lancet Psychiatry.Lifestyle discover | Shutterstock“Given the increasing availability of high-potency cannabis, this has important implications for public health,” warn study authors Marta Di Forti (King’s College London) and colleagues.Related StoriesNew machine-learning method more precisely quantifies a known indicator for psychosisJohns Hopkins study reports overdiagnosis of schizophreniaGeorgia researcher receives grant to develop models to better predict mental health disordersMarijuana use is becoming an increasingly common part of leading a modern, liberal life, with most Americans believing it harmless and even beneficial. Of the many pharmacologically active compounds found in marijuana, the two main ingredients researchers are interested in are delta-9-tetrahydrocannabinol (THC) and cannabidiol (CBD).THC is the substance responsible for the euphoria and distorted perception a person experiences, while CBD is the compound that counteracts these effects and also shows promise as a therapy for various health conditions.Across 11 countries in Europe and one city in Brazil, Di Forti and team compared data available for 901 patients (aged 18 to 64 years) who had first-episode psychosis with data from 1237 controls who did not have psychosis.The team divided the data into two groups: those who used low potency (THC <10%) marijuana and those who used a high potency (THC ≥10%) version.Using adjusted logistic regression analysis, the team showed that those who used marijuana on a daily basis were at a three times greater risk for psychotic disorder, compared with never-users. Furthermore, the risk for psychotic disorder was almost five times higher when the marijuana used was high-potency.The study is also the first to suggest that the pattern of cannabis use in a given area may contribute to psychosis rates in a population.In Amsterdam, for instance, where the use of high-potency marijuana is common, people who reported smoking high-potency cannabis on a daily basis were nine times more likely to develop psychosis, compared with non-using controls. As the legal status of cannabis changes in many countries and states, and as we consider the medicinal properties of some types of cannabis, it is of vital public health importance that we also consider the potential adverse effects that are associated with daily cannabis use, especially high-potency varieties.”Marta Di Forti, First Authorlast_img read more

Onefifth of US surgeons still overusing riskier method to create kidney dialysis

first_imgBy identifying practices that are not in the best interest of the patient and providing interventions to address them, we can help physicians who are outliers, and in turn, improve the quality of care for the hundreds of patients each one treats. Physicians, for the most part, want to do the right thing, and measures of appropriateness can help guide them.”Martin A. Makary, M.D., M.P.H., co-author of the study, professor of surgery at the Johns Hopkins University School of Medicine and an authority on health care quality We found that 498 physicians, approximately 21% or 1 in 5, performed AVG surgeries in more than 34% of their total cases. This means that they failed to meet the 66% or higher FFBI target standard for AVF use.”Caitlin Hicks A diagram showing how kidney dialysis is conducted after an arteriovenous (AV) fistula surgery has provided access to the circulatory system. A new Johns Hopkins Medicine study reveals that many physicians are still performing a different, riskier procedure with a prosthetic graft for gaining access. Credit: National Institute of Diabetes and Digestive and Kidney Diseases/National Institutes of Health Related StoriesNew implant technology safely minimizes injections for people with macular degenerationSurgery can be beneficial for one type of primary central nervous system lymphomaNew laboratory test has potential to accurately predict spread of breast cancerThe study indicated that most of the physicians associated with high AVG use rates — including some who were using AVG in more than 80% of their cases — had long-established practices (a median of 35.5 years since medical school graduation), were located in a metropolitan setting and specialized in vascular surgery more than general surgery.“Since the FFBI best practice guidelines have only been around since 2003, perhaps older physicians are simply less familiar with them and have continued ‘doing business as usual,’” Hicks says. “Or they may just be seeing more complex cases and believe that fistula access is less suitable. In either case, we believe that more education and targeted intervention using peer-to-peer evaluations that urge a change in practice may help address the problem, because that approach has worked before.”Another Johns Hopkins Medicine study recently reported that a “Dear Colleague” performance evaluation letter successfully convinced physicians nationwide to reduce the amount of tissue they removed in a common surgical treatment for skin cancer to meet a professionally recognized benchmark of good practice.Hicks says that the research team hopes to conduct such an intervention in a future study and document its impact on improving behavior for vascular access surgery.The AV fistula versus graft study is part of a larger Johns Hopkins Medicine effort to develop, establish and disseminate quality measures that will capture the appropriateness of care and help reduce low-value care in favor of a more patient-centered approach. The two types of vascular access procedures available for extended hemodialysis are the arteriovenous fistula (AVF) and the AV graft (AVG). The AVF is made by connecting a vein, most often in a patient’s arm, to a nearby artery. Over a period of two to three months, this bridge, known as a fistula, increases blood flow and pressure to the vein to enlarge and strengthen it. Once matured, the “supervein” will withstand repeated needle insertions that would collapse an untreated vessel.In contrast, the AVG uses an artificial device, a plastic tube, to make the artery-vein connection. Because it does not require maturation, the graft can be used within three to four weeks after surgery. However, studies have shown that it is more likely than an AVF to have problems with infection and blood clots, and may need repair or replacement within a year. Additionally, according to Medicare data, the average annual cost for creating and maintaining an AVG is higher than that for an AVF — nearly $73,000 per person annually compared with $60,000.Recognizing the distinct advantages of the fistula, the federal Centers for Medicare & Medicaid Services and ESRD treatment networks across the United States created the Fistula First Breakthrough Initiative (FFBI) in 2003 to increase the use of AVF to 50% of all vascular access surgeries performed. When that goal was reached in 2009, the AVF over AVG standard was raised to 66% in an effort to match the 60% to 90% rates in Europe and Asia.In a bid to document progress toward that goal, and identify “physician characteristics” linked to higher-than-appropriate AVG use, Johns Hopkins Medicine researchers used Medicare fee-for-service claims data for more than 85,000 adult kidney failure patients who received first-time vascular access surgeries between Jan. 1, 2016, and Dec. 31, 2017. They calculated an AVG rate (total number of vascular access operations divided by the number of AVG surgeries) for each of the 2,397 physicians who performed 10 or more procedures — either AVF or AVG — during that time. While the median, or midpoint, rate for the whole group was 18.2% (meaning that the median rate for AVF surgeries was 81.8%), there were a significant number of outliers. Jun 14 2019Long-term hemodialysis is a lifesaver for approximately half a million patients in the United States with kidney failure (also known as end-stage renal disease, or ESRD) who are either waiting on or unsuitable for a kidney transplant. But before the external machinery can take over the function of the kidneys — filtering and cleansing wastes from the blood — a minor surgical procedure is needed to create a stable, functional and reusable access to the circulatory system, usually through blood vessels in the arm. The good news from our survey data is that progress has been made in the last decade toward reducing the number of inappropriate vascular access surgeries performed in the United States. But the numbers also show that we still have a ways to go to meet established standards that are already the norm in Europe and Asia.”Caitlin Hicks, M.D., M.S., assistant professor of surgery at the Johns Hopkins University School of Medicine and lead author on the JAMA Surgery paper Two surgical methods for creating this “vascular access” are available, one overwhelmingly preferred whenever possible for its better durability, performance and safety. However, in a study using Medicare claims data, Johns Hopkins Medicine researchers report that one-fifth of seasoned U.S. surgeons are statistically performing the less-preferred procedure too often, even when unnecessary, and that providing them with a peer evaluation of such performance may lead to improved practices.The findings are reported in a new study in the current issue of the Journal of the American Medical Association Surgery. Source:Johns Hopkins MedicineJournal reference:Hicks, C.W. et al. (2019) Assessment of Use of Arteriovenous Graft vs Arteriovenous Fistula for First-time Permanent Hemodialysis Access. JAMA Surgery. doi.org/10.1001/jamasurg.2019.1736.last_img read more

Combining breast and gynecologic surgery not such a good idea

first_imgBy Dr. Liji Thomas, MDJul 16 2019A new study from the University of Colorado Cancer Center finds that it is best if women who have to have both preventive gynecologic and breast surgeries have them done separately. The same dictum applies to breast reconstructive procedures following a mastectomy.Often women who discover they have cancer in one breast want to have the other breast removed as well. When this is done at the same time as the primary surgery, as prudence would seem to dictate, the complication rate is actually higher, up to double the original. Even worse, the patient may not receive additional treatment for her cancer as soon as she should because of the occurrence of such complications. This delay in treatment can worsen the eventual outcome.Many women who find they are at elevated risk for breast and ovarian cancer choose to have bilateral prophylactic mastectomies (preventive removal of both breasts), and also to have their ovaries removed at the same time. Other women who have one or both breasts removed want a breast reconstruction procedure to be performed simultaneously. Understandably, they often feel this will save them time and trouble. However, this is typically not the best approach, says researcher and breast surgeon Sarah Tevis in her new study report, which was published in The Breast Journal on July 6, 2019.The current study used data from the National Surgery Quality Improvement Program (NSQIP) database. Researchers looked at more than 77,000 women who had breast surgery between 2011 and 2015.Among these, 124 had combined surgery on their reproductive organs as well. These tended to be younger women in better health than the overall profile of the group. The researchers wanted to compare outcomes in women who were operated on at one or multiple sites to see which protocol led to fewer post-operative complications and a lower rate of readmissions to hospital.Related StoriesPorvair Sciences develops new fluid collection vent for surgical suction cannistersGender biases are extremely common among health care professionalsRewiring of nerves gives movement to paralyzed arms and handsThe study found that patients who had their breasts and ovaries removed at the same time, with or without uterine removal, or who had mastectomy with breast reconstruction, required a significantly longer duration of hospitalization, had more complications, had to be readmitted significantly more often, and required more second surgeries, as compared to women who had two or more separate procedures. This was in spite of the fact that the former group tended to be younger and healthier than those who chose to have combined procedures. Nonetheless, says Tevis, “Their rate of complications was higher.”In patients with a high risk of breast and ovarian cancer, doctors do recommend the removal of both breasts and of the uterus with the ovaries, to reduce the subsequent gynecologic cancer risk. However, Tevis says, “It’s safer and easier to do them separately.”Besides the increased risk of post-surgical complications, choosing to have combined surgery could delay treatment. It is usually more difficult to set up an operating schedule involving surgeons from three different departments, as in such cases breast surgery must proceed with the help of reconstructive and gynecologic surgeons as well. Moreover, the duration of surgery is much longer, requiring the whole operating day. This may mean that surgery is pushed back, worsening the prognosis.Another important limitation is that chemotherapy following surgery is typically required following mastectomy for breast cancer. When gynecologic or plastic breast surgery is combined with this, the presence of complications may delay the initiation of chemotherapy, which again reduces the chances of a good outcome for the cancer treatment.While medical factors may in some cases mandate the combination of these procedures to limit anesthesia exposure to just once, in the vast majority of cases it is better to carry out separate surgeries. Tevis sums up: “A few times, a patient has a medical problem that makes it better, for example, to only have one anesthesia. But outside these rare cases, we recommend separating breast and reconstructive surgery from gynecologic surgery.” Journal reference:Postoperative complications in combined gynecologic, plastic, and breast surgery: An analysis from National Surgical Quality Improvement Program, Sarah E. Tevis MD Jennifer G. Steiman MD Heather B. Neuman MD Caprice C. Greenberg MD, MPH Lee G. Wilke MD, First published: 06 July 2019 https://doi.org/10.1111/tbj.13429, https://onlinelibrary.wiley.com/doi/abs/10.1111/tbj.13429last_img read more

Disguising access patterns to protect sensitive data in the cloud

Provided by Iowa State University Credit: Iowa State University Citation: Disguising access patterns to protect sensitive data in the cloud (2018, April 26) retrieved 18 July 2019 from https://phys.org/news/2018-04-disguising-access-patterns-sensitive-cloud.html Explore further New service improves cloud storage usage on mobile devices A team of computer scientists is working to defend against the next potential cyber risk – cloud storage. Wensheng Zhang, an associate professor of computer science at Iowa State University, says cloud users can encrypt sensitive data and information, but how they access the data may make it vulnerable. This document is subject to copyright. Apart from any fair dealing for the purpose of private study or research, no part may be reproduced without the written permission. The content is provided for information purposes only. Reports of access pattern-based attacks to cloud storage are rare, Zhang said. Phishing attacks – including a recent hack targeting professors and researchers – are the most common. A 2017 Google study identified as many as 12.4 million potential victims of phishing over the course of a year. However, if hackers can crack the data storage service, Zhang says it is only a matter of time before they try to exploit data access patterns.”Cloud storage is very convenient, but there are privacy risks,” he said. “This kind of threat may be of greater concern to companies or agencies working with very sensitive data. For example, military agencies or some branches of the government.”Here is an example of the threat Zhang is working to prevent: An agency uploads a large dataset to its cloud account. A team analyzing a specific subset of the data regularly accesses the information, creating a pattern. Someone – a rogue employee or hacker who compromised the cloud service – could observe the pattern and make assumptions about the data.The idea may seem a little farfetched for the average person who uses the cloud to store photos or less sensitive information, but a user storing classified documents or research results in the cloud may feel differently. Zhang says if an agency makes a major decision after accessing that subset of data, hackers can infer the value and focus their efforts on that section, rather than trying to crack the entire file.Building an efficient solutionDeveloping the technology to disguise access patterns is technical and complex work. Zhang says the basic premise is to create an algorithm that incorporates a mix of fake and real access requests, making it difficult to detect a pattern. It sounds simple, but time and cost are two barriers. It needs to be efficient so that the fake access does not delay work or cost too much (bandwidth limitations and cloud service fees), he said.Zhang; Jinsheng Zhang, lead author and former graduate student in computer science; Qiumao Ma, a graduate student in computer science; and Daji Qiao, an associate professor of electrical and computer engineering, detail one technique in a paper published in the journal Future Internet. The researchers say it is one of the most efficient algorithms proposed for protecting the data access pattern.The work is ongoing as the team looks for ways to improve performance and efficiency. Zhang says they are also exploring the pros and cons of splitting large datasets across multiple providers, so that access patterns do not reveal the full picture.”Storage is now more affordable. Five years ago, it was expensive to buy a computer with several hundred gigabytes of storage, but today it is very common,” Zhang said. “If users are concerned about privacy, they can keep a small subset of data locally and export the remaining dataset to storage, which can save some cost for protecting the access pattern privacy.” read more

Checking the global pulse for electric vehicles

first_img Provided by Argonne National Laboratory “The value of the models is not in their predictive power, but in connecting ‘important’ factors in a way that enables us to construct some possible future based on what we know about consumer behavior and other factors,” said Thomas Stephens, a researcher at the U.S. Department of Energy’s (DOE) Argonne National Laboratory, who co-led the study.To gain a better understanding of the PEV market, Argonne conducted a review of 40 automotive market diffusion studies from 16 countries, including the United States, Germany, China, South Korea, the United Kingdom and Ireland. These studies modeled the decision factors that drive consumers to purchase PEVs: vehicle and energy prices, operating costs, available charging infrastructure and range, among others.These modeled considerations, and their order of importance, varied by country. For instance, many U.S. market penetration models considered vehicle price and operating costs to be very important, while German models listed energy prices and charging infrastructure as the primary considerations.The studies that Stephens and co-authors reviewed provided vastly different projections of future PEV market shares, mainly in the U.S. and Germany. Estimates ranged from a few percent to more than 50 percent by 2030. This disparity results, in large part, from the models’ diverse assumptions about market conditions, vehicle and fuel prices, and other factors.”We found that many models handled factors very differently or even neglected some that seem to be important, so a wide range in market projections is not surprising,” Stephens said.The study focused on addressing the following specific questions:What are the projected market shares for a particular region? What are consumers’ primary purchase considerations? What is the effect of rebates, tax credits, battery research and development and high-occupancy vehicle lane access? What is the potential effect of PEV sales on petroleum demand, emissions and demand for electricity? Though researchers cannot predict if or when PEVs could reach a tipping point in the U.S., they can help identify factors that could speed or hinder the adoption process, according to Stephens.Based on their study, the team offers several findings for future PEV models that address important considerations neglected by many of the models they reviewed: the limited range, available charging infrastructure and the technological and projected cost improvements of batteries over time.Other contributors to the review, published in a report titled “What drives the market for plug-in electric vehicles? – A review of international PEV market diffusion models,” were from the Fraunhofer Institute for Systems and Innovation Research ISI, DOE’s Oak Ridge National Laboratory and the German Aerospace Center, Institute of Vehicle Concepts. Explore further NREL evaluates charging infrastructure needs for growing fleet of electric vehicles A team of academic researchers is seeking clarity on predictive plug-in electric vehicle (PEV) models. An examination of more than three dozen studies is providing some meaningful insights. More information: Till Gnann et al, What drives the market for plug-in electric vehicles? – A review of international PEV market diffusion models, Renewable and Sustainable Energy Reviews (2018). DOI: 10.1016/j.rser.2018.03.055 What does the future hold for plug-in electric vehicles? To find out, Argonne researchers examined 40 studies from more than a dozen counties. The future of these vehicles may depend upon their range, available charging infrastructure and the price and technology of batteries. Credit: Argonne National Laboratory Citation: Checking the global pulse for electric vehicles (2018, May 29) retrieved 18 July 2019 from https://phys.org/news/2018-05-global-pulse-electric-vehicles.html This document is subject to copyright. Apart from any fair dealing for the purpose of private study or research, no part may be reproduced without the written permission. The content is provided for information purposes only.last_img read more

The future of energy supply Combined energy storage a key technology

first_img Basic concept of combining a pumped storage power plant with a thermal energy storage system. Credit: Pikl – TU Graz Provided by Graz University of Technology Franz Georg Pikl also integrated district cooling technology into the concept – this method of cooling buildings is becoming increasingly significant – in the shape of absorption chillers. When required – in other words, on warm days – the hot water drives the chillers, which produce cooling energy that is distributed to customers along district cooling transmission lines. To ensure a constant supply of cooling energy to various temperature zones, this system can be modified by cooling the water of the underground pumped storage hydropower scheme – which could then be labelled a “cold-water pumped storage hydropower plant.” Basic concept of combining a pumped storage power plant with a thermal energy storage system. Credit: Pikl – TU Graz The first element is pumped storage hydropower, a technology that has been steadily refined over the past 100-plus years. It is currently the most reliable, efficient and durable form of electricity storage. Pumped storage hydropower schemes are mainly found in mountainous countries, as they require a difference in elevation between two reservoirs, as well as sufficient amounts of water. When large volumes of power are generated, the excess electricity is used to pump the water from the lower reservoir to the higher one. If electricity demand increases, the water flows back down and drives turbines that in turn generate power. Pikl has implemented this principle completely underground. Subterranean tunnels are used to create the difference in elevation between the two underground reservoirs needed to produce electricity, regardless of the topography. This minimises the area required, and simplifies both the process of finding a location as well as the mandatory approval procedure.Heat accumulators, where the thermal energy is stored, form the second component of the new storage concept. Thanks to its high specific heat capacity, water serves as an additional thermal energy storage medium for the underground pumped storage power plant. Renewable energy is used to heat the water to up to 90°C. Thermal energy is stored and used by means of heat exchangers installed in the underground reservoirs. When demand for heat is high, it can be supplied directly to consumers via district heating transmission lines. From theory to practicePikl is currently attempting to enlist the support of energy suppliers and companies for construction of a prototype hot-water pumped storage. “The separate technologies have been in use for decades, but nobody has ever come up with the idea of bundling them. Hitting the Paris Agreement target of limiting temperature increases to 1.5 degrees requires extensive measures while at the same time preserving our quality of life as far as possible. Our system could be one of the building blocks for safeguarding future energy supply using renewable s, and would also represent an energy-efficient, environmentally friendly step forward. The structures could operate for a long time, meaning they would also amortize in climate protection terms.” Environmental and economic benefitsTechnological and energy-related feasibility studies underline the high degree of efficiency and cost-effectiveness of this hybrid storage concept. “The combination of such highly efficient systems, with efficiency factors of around 80% for electricity and heat storage, results in a significant increase in total energy storage compared to separate implementation, and the level of resource consumption remains the same. Thanks to this new developed energy storage, various renewable energy sources can be bundled by means of infrastructure connected to the energy grid, which in turn will help the energy industry to overcome the challenges it faces. The facility also stands out for its profitability. The payback period is shorter than with conventional pumped storage power stations,” Pikl explains. The ecological aspects of the project also make it an attractive proposition: zero-emission operation is possible, no open spaces are required and the energy storage respectively power plant does not affect the natural water balance, which in turn reduces the environmental impact. Franz Georg Pikl in the hydraulic engineering laboratory at Graz University of Technology. The technology he developed could cover 90 percent of the world’s energy supply. Credit: taudacher – TU Graz The idea is simple. A team headed by Franz Georg Pikl, a Ph.D. student at the Institute of Hydraulic Engineering and Water Resources Management at TU Graz, has combined the advantages of pumped storage technology and heat storage using water as a medium to create a “hot-water pumped storage hydropower plant.” The new system stores and supplies electricity, heat and cooling energy as required. Let’s store solar and wind energy – by using compressed air Explore further Citation: The future of energy supply: Combined energy storage a key technology (2018, October 29) retrieved 17 July 2019 from https://phys.org/news/2018-10-future-energy-combined-storage-key.html This document is subject to copyright. Apart from any fair dealing for the purpose of private study or research, no part may be reproduced without the written permission. The content is provided for information purposes only.last_img read more

Huawei defends security record as annual sales top 100B

first_imgHuawei rotating chairman Guo Ping speaks as he releases the Huawei’s annual report in Shenzhen in south China’s Guangdong province, Friday, March 29, 2019. Chinese tech giant Huawei said its 2018 sales surged above $100 billion, though sales of network equipment were flat amid U.S. warnings to other governments that its telecom technology is a security risk. (AP Photo/Dake Kang) Despite that, Huawei’s sales last year rose 19.5 percent over 2017 to 721.2 billion ($105.2 billion), according to Guo. That was driven by double-digit gains for its consumer and enterprise units, while sales of network gear to phone and internet carriers were unchanged at 294 billion yuan ($62.3 billion).Profit rose 25.1 percent to 59.3 billion yuan ($8.6 billion).Guo blamed weak network gear sales on a temporary lull in investment by carriers. He expressed confidence 5G sales will take off this year.Huawei denies U.S. accusations it is controlled by China’s ruling Communist Party and says it is owned by about half the members of its 180,000-strong workforce. The company has no publicly traded shares but started issuing annual financial reports a decade ago in an attempt to appear more open and mollify Western security concerns.Guo said global sales for the first two months of 2019 rose by more than 30 percent from a year earlier. Ren, the company founder, said earlier this year’s revenue target is $125 billion.Huawei has announced sales of 5G networks to a handful of carriers and contracts with major carriers in Germany and other countries for field testing. The company says it already has shipped more than 40,000 5G base stations to customers.Huawei is asking a U.S. federal court in a lawsuit filed this month to throw out a law that bars the Trump administration and government contractors from using its equipment. The company says that improperly punishes the company without giving it away to defend itself.The company’s chief legal officer, Song Liuping, said he had no updates on the lawsuit.”We believe the U.S. court will give us a fair judgment,” said Song at the news conference with Guo. Huawei’s U.S. market evaporated after a 2012 congressional report labeled the company a security threat, but sales elsewhere grew rapidly. Huawei passed Apple last year as the No. 2 global smartphone brand behind Samsung and earlier passed Ericsson as the No. 1 network gear seller.Australia, Japan and Taiwan have imposed curbs on use of Huawei technology, but Germany, France and other governments are balking at U.S. demands to exclude it from 5G networks. Carriers complain that would reduce competition, raise prices and delay the rollout of 5G service.Huawei has opened testing centers in Britain, Germany and Belgium for regulators to examine its products.”We welcome the European Union’s attitude,” said Guo. “They do not discriminate against vendors from any country.”Chinese officials and some industry analysts have suggested the Trump administration might be exaggerating security concerns to hinder a competitor to U.S. tech brands.Earlier this month, Premier Li Keqiang promised at a nationally televised news conference that Beijing never would tell Chinese tech companies to spy on foreign countries.Huawei’s founder, Ren Zhengfei, told reporters earlier this year the latest U.S. criticism had yet to hurt sales. But Guo said Friday the company has to spend more time talking to potential customers “to address their concerns.” Explore further The company’s chief financial officer was arrested in December in Canada on U.S. charges of lying to banks about dealings with Iran. Beijing has detained two Canadians and blocked imports of canola from Canada in what is widely seen as an attempt to compel her release. Citation: Huawei defends security record as annual sales top $100B (2019, March 29) retrieved 17 July 2019 from https://phys.org/news/2019-03-huawei-defends-annual-sales-100b.html Chinese tech giant Huawei’s deputy chairman defended its commitment to security Friday after a stinging British government report added to Western pressure on the company by accusing it of failing to repair dangerous flaws in its telecom technology. Guo Ping’s comments came as Huawei Technologies Ltd., the biggest global maker of network equipment for phone and internet companies, announced last year’s sales surpassed $100 billion despite U.S. pressure on American allies to shun it as a security threat.Accusations that Huawei, China’s first global tech brand, might facilitate Beijing’s spying threaten to hamper its access to global carriers that are preparing to invest billions of dollars in next-generation technology.Britain’s National Cyber Security Center added criticism Thursday on a different front, accusing Huawei of “poor software engineering.” The agency said in a report British researchers saw no sign that was due to Chinese government interference, but it said Huawei had not repaired flaws that might make its systems vulnerable to cyberattacks.Guo didn’t respond directly to the British report’s criticisms but said Huawei will work with regulators to improve security. He noted the company has promised to invest $2 billion over five years to improve its software engineering and expressed confidence British regulators will “increase their confidence” in Huawei over time.”We prioritize cybersecurity and privacy protection even above our commercial targets,” Guo said at a news conference. He said the British report showed Huawei products had no “backdoors” to permit eavesdropping.Huawei is, along with Sweden’s LM Ericsson and Nokia Corp. of Finland, a global leader in developing fifth-generation, or 5G, telecoms. The technology is intended to vastly expand mobile networks to support self-driving cars, medical devices and factory equipment, but that makes it more politically sensitive.Huawei is at the center of U.S.-Chinese tensions over technology and accusations of cyber-spying and violating trade sanctions on Iran. This document is subject to copyright. Apart from any fair dealing for the purpose of private study or research, no part may be reproduced without the written permission. The content is provided for information purposes only. Danish telecom group shuns China’s Huawei for 5G rollout © 2019 The Associated Press. All rights reserved. Huawei rotating chairman Guo Ping speaks as he releases the Huawei’s annual report in Shenzhen in south China’s Guangdong province, Friday, March 29, 2019. Chinese tech giant Huawei said its 2018 sales surged above $100 billion, though sales of network equipment were flat amid U.S. warnings to other governments that its telecom technology is a security risk. (AP Photo/Dake Kang) In this Thursday, March 7, 2019 file photo, two men use their mobile phones outside a Huawei retail shop in Shenzhen, China’s Guangdong province. British cybersecurity inspectors have found significant technical issues in Chinese telecom supplier Huawei’s software that they say pose new risks for the country’s telecom companies. The annual report Thursday, March 28, 2019 said that because of Huawei’s involvement in Britain’s critical telecom networks it can only give “limited assurance” that long-term national security risks can be adequately managed. (AP Photo/Kin Cheung, File)last_img read more

British manager Woodfords flagship fund to remain suspended

first_imgLONDON (Reuters) – British fund manager Neil Woodford will keep his flagship 3.7 billion pound fund frozen for a second month running, leaving hundreds of thousands of small savers without access to their money. FILE PHOTO: Neil Woodford, founder and fund manager at Woodford Investment Management, is seen in this undated handout picture released on June 10, 2019. Jonathan Atkins/Handout via REUTERS Woodford, one of Britain’s best-known money managers, suspended the equity income fund on June 3 after being unable to meet redemption requests, sparking an outcry among investors and prompting an investigation by the country’s markets watchdog. Famed for delivering returns by avoiding the tech bubble in the early 2000s and dodging a hit from the financial crisis several years later, Woodford now faces the anger of retail investors left dangling by the fund suspension. “Of course, we understand that people want access to their money,” Woodford, seated at a trading desk, said in a video posted on the firm’s website. “They’re very frustrated by not being able to deal in the fund.” The fund’s authorised corporate director Link Fund Solutions said in a letter to investors posted on its website that it remained in the “best interests of all investors” to continue the suspension. Link has to give an update on the suspension at least every 28 days. It said it expected to provide another update before July 29. Woodford put gates up on the fund after being unable to meet redemption requests totalling nearly 300 million pounds. The fund has sold more than 300 million pounds in UK-listed stocks since the suspension, but analysts say it may need to raise at least one billion pounds to meet further redemption requests. They expect the fund to be closed for months. “Many investors accept that the portfolio is populated with very undervalued companies….Over the long course of financial market history, valuation wins out,” Woodford said in the video. Woodford has come under fire from the Financial Conduct Authority for ignoring the “spirit” of rules forbidding funds aimed at retail investors from investing more than 10% in unlisted assets. The fund made full use of the 10% cap. In addition, four of its investments, totalling a further 11% of the portfolio, were listed in Guernsey and have not traded. Illiquid assets are harder to sell quickly to meet redemption requests in a fund like Woodford’s that allowed investors to withdraw their cash every day. Writing by Carolyn Cohn; Editing by Deepa BabingtonOur Standards:The Thomson Reuters Trust Principles.last_img read more

Handlers Thought This Owl Was Male for 23 Years —Then He Laid

first_img Originally published on Live Science.by Taboolaby TaboolaSponsored LinksSponsored LinksPromoted LinksPromoted LinksYou May LikeVikings: Free Online GamePlay this for 1 min and see why everyone is addicted!Vikings: Free Online GameUndoSoGoodlyThey Were Named The Most Beautiful Twins In The World, Wait Till You See Them TodaySoGoodlyUndoTruthFinder People Search SubscriptionOne Thing All Liars Have in Common, Brace YourselfTruthFinder People Search SubscriptionUndoSecurity SaversWindows Users Advised To Do This TodaySecurity SaversUndoBeach Raider24 Photos Of Shelter Dogs The Moment They Realize They’re Being AdoptedBeach RaiderUndoTop 10 Best Meal DeliveryMeal Kit Wars: 10 Tested & Ranked. See Who WonTop 10 Best Meal DeliveryUndo Pretty Bird: Images of a Clever Parrot Plus, Jones said, his sanctuary has no interest in the biological sexes of the birds it takes in. Most of them are rescued from lives as pets or captive working birds, he said. And the sanctuary has no interest in breeding captive owls, only rehabilitating them. “We have 46 birds,” Jones said. “If they have the behavior of a male, we say they’re male. If they have the behavior of a female, we say they’re female.” Typically, according to the National Aviary, Eurasian eagle owl females lay up to six eggs across a month-long period in late winter. [Whooo Knew? 10 Superb Facts About Owls] Kaln never did that though in his 23 years at the sanctuary, Jones said. “He’s always shown signs of being a male,” Jones added. Many of the male birds in the sanctuary “imprint” on their human handlers and treat them as mates, he said. And during breeding season, “Kaln always wants to bonk everything,” he said. Even genetic tests don’t always show a clear distinction between male-sexed owls from female-sexed owls in many species, according to that 2008 paper. Female-sex birds have Z and W chromosomes, while male-sex birds have two Z chromosomes. But those chromosomes can be similar enough that they’re difficult to distinguish. The authors of that paper specifically tried to distinguish the genes of male and female Eurasian eagle owls and failed. The egg hasn’t changed how the sanctuary views Kaln, Jones said. “It’s no different than people. There’s no difference between male and female. We’re all individuals,” he said. “Kaln is an individual. He’s a very special individual. Now we say he’s a tomboy.” The larger concern is that around the same time the bird laid its egg, it began acting “depressed” and displaying some health issues that turned out to be unrelated. Today (June 27), however, Jones said that Kaln has seemed more active and upbeat. “And that’s what really matters isn’t it? The health of the owl,” Jones said. Whooo’s in There? Amazing Images of Owls Happy Feet: A Gallery of Pudgy Penguinscenter_img Kaln inspects his egg. Credit: The Barn Owl Centre Penguin Selfie Offers Bird’s Eye ViewCurious Emperor penguins have been captured in Antarctica getting up close and personal on film. The vision was filmed at the Auster Rookery near Australia’s Mawson research stationAustralian Antarctic expeditioner, Eddie Gault, left the camera on the ice when visiting the rookery, and it didn’t take long for the naturally curious birds to seize the opportunity for a selfie.Credit: Eddie Gault/Australian Antarctic DivisionVolume 0%Press shift question mark to access a list of keyboard shortcutsKeyboard Shortcutsplay/pauseincrease volumedecrease volumeseek forwardsseek backwardstoggle captionstoggle fullscreenmute/unmuteseek to %SPACE↑↓→←cfm0-9接下来播放Better Bug Sprays?01:33 facebook twitter 发邮件 reddit 链接https://www.livescience.com/65809-male-seeming-owl-lays-egg.html?jwsource=cl已复制直播00:0000:3700:37Your Recommended Playlist01:33Better Bug Sprays?04:24Sperm Whale Befriends Underwater Robot01:08Why Do French Fries Taste So Bad When They’re Cold?00:29Robot Jumps Like a Grasshopper, Rolls Like a Ball02:31Surgical Robotics00:29Video – Giggly Robot关闭  An eagle owl named Kaln lived for 23 years at a sanctuary in Gloucester, England. For that whole length of time, its handlers thought it was a male. Then, according to Vincent Jones, founder and trustee of the sanctuary, it laid an egg. The egg wasn’t fertilized, Jones told Live Science, so Kaln won’t get to mother a chick. But still, it was a big surprise to all of Kaln’s handlers. “I think he was just as shocked as we were,” Jones said. [Photos: Salmon-Eating Owls Revealed in Stunning Images]Advertisement Sexing owls is tricky, because males and females outwardly have more or less identical bodies, according to a study published Jan. 24, 2008, in the Journal of Heredity. Unlike mammals and other creatures, there’s no obvious difference even between their genitals.last_img read more

Army still rules Pakistan lets wait and watch how things go V

first_imgSeptember 17, 2018 Union minister VK Singh (file photo) COMMENT India is adopting a ‘wait and watch approach’ Union minister V K Singh said Monday the army still rules Pakistan despite the election of Imran Khan as the new Prime Minister, adding that it remains to be seen whether the person will be able to bring about a change.India is adopting a wait and watch approach after the installation of a new government in Pakistan, the minister of state for external affairs told reporters. Responding to a question on incidents of infiltration at the border after the change of government in Pakistan, he said, “Did you all expect a change? I don’t know. After all, the person has been propped up by the (Pakistan) army. The army still rules. So, let’s wait and watch how things go—whether the person remains under army control or doesn’t remain under its control.” He did not refer to Khan by name. Dialogue with Pakistan can happen only if the environment is conducive for talks, the minister said.“India’s policy is very clear. Dialogue can happen only when the environment is conducive,” Singh said when asked whether there have been any attempts from Pakistan to initiate further dialogue with India. Referring to reports of proposals to open the Kartarpur border crossing for Sikh pilgrims, Singh said, “India has not received any proposal from Pakistan to open the route. Nothing has come from the government’s (Pakistan) side. This issue has been going on for a very long time. If anything comes about we will let you know.”Singh said India’s border is unique and therefore one solution cannot be devised to make it more secure. From plains to deserts and mountains and other terrains, one kind of solution cannot be applied to our border and the variety of the terrain has to be factored in while designing any solutions for making the border security more robust and smart, he said. SHARE SHARE EMAIL SHARE COMMENTS Published onlast_img read more

Mamata govt defamed Bengal left people helpless PM

first_imgPrime Minister Narendra Modi (file photo)   –  PTI SHARE SHARE EMAIL CBI vs MamataSupreme Court directs Kolkata Police chief to cooperate with CBI COMMENTS Attacks TMC government as extortionist syndicate 0 Published on RELATED West Bengal February 08, 2019 Escalating his face-off with West Bengal Chief Minister Mamata Banerjee, Prime Minister Narendra Modi Friday accused her of trying to protect those involved in chit fund scams and warned neither the perpetrators nor those shielding them will be spared.Modi said Banerjee’s ruling TMC had inherited the legacy of “violence and atrocity” from the previous Communist government, and had “defamed” the soil of West Bengal.Attacking Banerjee, who is at the forefront of efforts to stitch together a broad-based anti-BJP coalition of opposition parties ahead of the Lok Sabha polls, Modi said the proposed ‘Mahagathbandhan’ (grand alliance) was ‘Maha Milawat’ (a grand adulderation) of people who were without any ideology or vision for the country.“Never in the history of our country have we seen a chief minister sitting on a dharna to save the corrupt. The poor want to know why did you sit on dharna to save those who are accused of negligence in probing the chit fund scam.“This chowkidar (watchman) will not spare them. Whether it is the perpetrators or their protectors, nobody will be allowed to go scot free,” Modi declared while addressing a BJP rally in Jalpaiguri district.Also read: CBI tries to question Kolkata police chief, runs into MamataMinisters in the Union government and Banerjee are locked in a bitter exchange of words ever since the West Bengal chief minister dramatically launched a dharna to protest the CBI’s bid to question Kolkata police commissioner Rajeev Kumar in the Saradha chit fund scam in which lakhs of investors were swindled of their money with the promise of astronomical returns.Modi alleged that the Trinamool Congress dispensation had taken after its predecessor Left Front government in adopting the culture of bloodshed.“Those you gave power to in Bengal in the name of ’maa, maati, manush (mother, motherland and man–the TMC’s poll slogan) have followed the culture of bloodshed of their Communist predecessors,” he said, branding the TMC government .“Communist part 2“Recalling Bengal’s rich cultural heritage, Modi said, “Today, law and order is in a shambles, industries and businesses are in ruins and young people are migrating to other states for jobs. This government has defamed ‘maati’ of Bengal and rendered its people ‘majboor’ (helpless).”He said though ‘Didi’ (elder sister as Mamata is fondly addressed) was at the helm of the government, it was an “extortionist syndicate” that was virtually running the administration.“We are bringing back the corrupt from other countries and they are bent upon saving the corrupt here. Everybody who is corrupt is afraid of Modi,” the prime minister said in an apparent reference to the government’s efforts to bring back fugitive tycoon Vijay Mallya.Highlighting the contradictions among the probable constituents of the proposed opposition alliance, Modi said while Congress leaders in West Bengal accused the TMC government of being undemocratic, “in Delhi, the brother-in- law of Robert Vadra is calling up Mamata Banerjee to extend his support“.He berated the state government for thwarting rallies of BJP leaders by denying permission for their helicopters to land.“The government here welcomes even infiltrators, but leaders of the BJP who follow the ideals of Vivekananda and have the resolve of Syama Prasad Mookerjee (founder of BJP’s forerunner Jana Sangh) are being prevented from holding rallies. This shows that the ground is slipping from under Didi’s feet,” he said.Attacks Congress over triple talaqThe prime minister attacked the Congress over its women’s wing chief Sushmita Dev’s assertion that the law against instant triple talaq will be scrapped if the party was voted to power.“The Congress’s agenda of appeasement stands exposed. Just like it committed the mistake in Shah Bano case (when Rajiv Gandhi was the PM), it is committing another mistake now.“They don’t have any regard for the Supreme Court which has outlawed the practice. They want Muslim women to be ruined. They say they will scrap the law. I assure Muslim women that nobody will be allowed to scrap the law,” he said.The Shah Bano case related to a controversial maintenance lawsuit on which the apex court delivered a judgment favouring maintenance for a divorced Muslim woman.However, the then Congress government gave in to the Muslim clergy and enacted a law that placed the burden of maintenance on the woman’s relatives or the Wakf Board.Predicting the downfall of the TMC government in the next elections, Modi said BJP’s performance in neighbouring Tripura will be replicated in West Bengal.“Nobody dared to take on the TMC goons in the past. We are determined to rid Bengal of them. BJP workers are not afraid of anybody. If it were so, BJP wouldn’t have gained strength and risen from having just two MPs to forming its government,” he asserted.Modi also launched a ‘rath’ (chariot) that would tour every part of the state and seek views of people on providing better governance. state politics SHARE COMMENT States cannot deny entry to CBI to probe cases referred by courts: Govt last_img read more

Govt has taken measures to set up chowkidar in space Modi in

first_img SHARE SHARE EMAIL SHARE COMMENT POLLSCAPEIndia votes: Lok Sabha elections 2019 March 29, 2019 Published on political campaignscenter_img Prime Minister Narendra Modi on Friday said his government had taken measures to set up a ‘chowkidar’ in space and asked people to vote for a government that can take concrete decisions and not just raise slogans.Launching his campaign in eastern India with a rally in Jeypore area of Odisha’s Koraput district, Modi said the NDA government wouldn’t have been able to do any development work in the country without the support of the people. He sought blessings from his supporters for the 2019 Lok Sabha polls and asserted that the NDA government has left no stone unturned to bring about development in the state.“The NDA government has been working hard to develop road and rail infrastructure in the state. There is no dearth of funds when it comes to development work in the country. In the last five years, the government has been able to build homes for eight lakh families, light up 3,000 houses and provide gas connections to 40 lakh homes,” Modi stated.Referring to Mission Shakti, the Anti-Satellite (ASAT) missile test which paved the way for the country to enter an elite space club, he said the government has taken measures to set up a ‘chowkidar’ (watchman) in space. He came down heavily on opposition parties who, he said, “belittled” the space achievement. “Those that are criticising the anti-satellite technology will be given a befitting reply in the elections,” he claimed, urging people to vote for a government that “can take concrete decisions, not the one that only raises slogans“.Referring to the surgical strikes in Balakot last month, the Prime Minister said it was “appalling” that opposition parties sought evidence of the retaliatory air strike conducted by the Air Force on terrorist camps in Pakistan following the Pulwama terror strike. “Should we tolerate this? Should we not punish them for insulting our scientists and defence forces,” Modi asked people who had gathered in this south Odisha town to attend the public meeting.The PM stressed that development work in Odisha will be accelerated if the state votes the BJP to power in the upcoming Assembly elections. “Odisha is rich in natural resources but people are poor. This proves that the subsequent governments have failed to develop Odisha. The BJD government has also kept the people of Odisha away from the benefits of the Ayushman Bharat scheme. It deprived the poor of their right to quality healthcare.“A double engine government of the BJP at the Centre and the state will benefit the people here. Odisha will become stronger only when the tribals, the farmers, the youngsters here, have proper means of income,” Modi maintained.The Centre is striving hard to provide jobs and livelihood to farmers, women and youths, he said. “Five years ago, minimum support price was available for only 10 forest produces. It has been now increased to 50. Under the Mudra Yojana, the central government is providing collateral-free loans to the women and the youth,” Modi said.Hitting out at Odisha’s BJD government, the PM said the ruling party in the state has been mired in multiple controversies. “Can those involved in chit fund schemes make Odisha strong? In the last seven decades, what did the state governments do to alleviate poverty in the state? This is the right time to punish the Congress and the BJD, who had ample time to develop the region, but did not nothing noteworthy. They have failed miserably,” Modi added.Election to 21 Lok Sabha seats and 147 Assembly in Odisha will be held simultaneously in four phases on April 11, 18, 23 and 29. Prime Minister Narendra Modi addressing a rally in Jeypore, Odisha, on 29 March, 2019. national elections COMMENTS RELATED last_img read more

20K India lifted 271 million people out of poverty in 10 years

first_imgNational PTI Printable version | Jul 13, 2019 7:55:42 PM | https://www.thehindu.com/news/national/india-lifted-271-million-people-out-of-poverty-in-10-years-un/article28397694.ece SubmitPlease enter a valid email address. Next Story Updated: Updated: Share Article PRINT India lifted 271 million people out of poverty between 2006 and 2016, recording the fastest reductions in the multidimensional poverty index values during the period with strong improvements in areas such as “assets, cooking fuel, sanitation and nutrition,” a report by the United Nations said. The 2019 global Multidimensional Poverty Index (MPI) from the UN Development Programme (UNDP), the Oxford Poverty and Human Development Initiative (OPHI) was released on Thursday. The report said that in the 101 countries studied — 31 low income, 68 middle income and 2 high income – 1.3 billion people are “multidimensionally poor”, which means that poverty is defined not simply by income, but by a number of indicators, including poor health, poor quality of work and the threat of violence. The report identifies 10 countries, with a combined population of around 2 billion people, to illustrate the level of poverty reduction, and all of them have shown statistically significant progress towards achieving Sustainable Development Goal 1, namely ending poverty “in all its forms, everywhere”. The 10 countries are Bangladesh, Cambodia, Democratic Republic of Congo, Ethiopia, Haiti, India, Nigeria, Pakistan, Peru and Vietnam. The report said that within these 10 countries, data shows that 270 million people moved out of multidimensional poverty from one survey to the next. “This progress was largely driven by South Asia. In India, there were 271 million fewer people in poverty in 2016 than in 2006, while in Bangladesh the number dropped by 19 million between 2004 and 2014,” it said. The report noted that of the 10 selected countries for which changes over time were analysed, India and Cambodia reduced their MPI values the fastest — and they did not leave the poorest groups behind. India’s MPI value reduced from 0.283 in 2005-06 to 0.123 in 2015-16. Noting the examples of pro-poor reduction, where the poorest regions improved the fastest, the report said that Jharkhand in India reduced the incidence of multidimensional poverty from 74.9% in 2005-06 to 46.5% in 2015-16. Mondol Kiri and Rattanak Kiri in Cambodia reduced it from 71.0% to 55.9% between 2010 and 2014. Ethiopia, India and Peru significantly reduced deprivations in all 10 indicators, namely nutrition, sanitation, child mortality, drinking water, years of schooling, electricity, school attendance, housing, cooking fuel and assets. In 2005-2006, the population in India living in multidimensional poverty stood at about 640 million people (55.1%) and this reduced to 369 million people (27.9%) living in poverty in 2015-16. India saw significant reductions in number of people who are multidimensionally poor and deprived in each of the 10 indicators over this time period. India reduced deprivation in nutrition from 44.3% in 2005-06 to 21.2% in 2015-16, child mortality dropped from 4.5% to 2.2%, people deprived of cooking fuel reduced from 52.9% to 26.2%, deprivation in sanitation from 50.4% to 24.6%, those deprived of drinking water reduced from 16.6% to 6.2 %. Further more people gained access to electricity as deprivation was reduced from 29.1% to 8.6%, housing from 44.9% to 23.6% and assets deprivation from 37.6% to 9.5%. The trends in these 10 countries also shine a light on where poverty reduction has been uneven, despite the good progress overall, it said.“In all 10 countries rural areas are poorer than urban areas. In Cambodia, Haiti, India and Peru poverty reduction in rural areas outpaced that in urban areas — demonstrating pro-poor development — and in Bangladesh and Democratic Republic of the Congo poverty fell at the same speed in rural and urban areas, it added. The report also showed that children suffer poverty more intensely than adults and are more likely to be deprived in all 10 of the MPI indicators, lacking essentials such as clean water, sanitation, adequate nutrition or primary education. Child poverty fell markedly faster than adult poverty in Bangladesh, Cambodia, Haiti, India and Peru. But children fell further behind in Ethiopia, and their progress—together with that of adults—stalled in Democratic Republic of the Congo and Pakistan. Globally, of the 1.3 billion people who are multidimensionally poor, more than two-thirds of them—886 million— now live in middle-income countries. A further 440 million live in low-income countries. Even more staggering, worldwide, one in three children is multidimensionally poor, compared to one in six adults. That means that nearly half of the people living in multidimensional poverty — 663 million — are children, with the youngest children bearing the greatest burden. The vast majority of these children, around 85 %, live in South Asia and Sub-Saharan Africa, split roughly equally between the two regions. The report underscored that the traditional concept of poverty is outdated, demonstrating more clearly than ever that labelling countries – or even households – as rich and poor is an oversimplification.“To fight poverty, one needs to know where poor people live. They are not evenly spread across a country, not even within a household,” UNDP Administrator Achim Steiner said. The report also highlighted a positive trend that those furthest behind are moving up the fastest. July 12, 2019 10:22 IST AAA Related TopicsNationalUnited Nations United Nations, India lifted 271 million people out of poverty in 10 years: UN We may remove hyperlinks within comments. According to a UN report, India and Cambodia reduced their Multidimensional Poverty Index values the fastest.   | Photo Credit: Shaju John more-in Comments Please use a genuine email ID and provide your name, to avoid rejection.center_img Previous StoryThree ex-Congress MLAs, one from BJP likely to join Goa Cabinet July 12, 2019 10:22 IST July 12, 2019 10:55 IST 9 PTI Comments Next Story Water train from Vellore on its way to Chennai Recommended for you Close XMore Foreigners’ Tribunals in AssamIndia again abstains at U.N. vote on LGBTQ Independent Expert, draws criticismGovernment got 180 complaints of quarters being let outU.S. concern at treatment of Muslims in IndiaGovt. to buy ‘untested’ goods to aid start-ups India hands over PoK boy’s body to Pak. Draft model tenancy law proposes cap on security deposit, appointment of rent authority Balance in zero balance accounts crosses ₹1 trillion markU.S., India to begin formal talks on trade on July 12Opposition alleges government trying to privatise Railways, BJP highlights improved performance More Foreigners’ Tribunals in AssamIndia again abstains at U.N. vote on LGBTQ Independent Expert, draws criticismGovernment got 180 complaints of quarters being let outU.S. concern at treatment of Muslims in IndiaGovt. to buy ‘untested’ goods to aid start-ups India hands over PoK boy’s body to Pak. Draft model tenancy law proposes cap on security deposit, appointment of rent authority Balance in zero balance accounts crosses ₹1 trillion markU.S., India to begin formal talks on trade on July 12Opposition alleges government trying to privatise Railways, BJP highlights improved performance More Foreigners’ Tribunals in AssamIndia again abstains at U.N. vote on LGBTQ Independent Expert, draws criticismGovernment got 180 complaints of quarters being let outU.S. concern at treatment of Muslims in India1 / 10 United Nations, Comments will be moderated by The Hindu editorial team. Comments that are abusive, personal, incendiary or irrelevant cannot be published. © THG PUBLISHING PVT LTD. Please write complete sentences. Do not type comments in all capital letters, or in all lower case letters, or using abbreviated text. (example: u cannot substitute for you, d is not ‘the’, n is not ‘and’). poverty SUBSCRIBE TO OUR DAILY NEWSLETTER July 12, 2019 10:55 IST FigLeaf AppComplete Online Anonymity Is One Click AwayFigLeaf App|SponsoredSponsoredUndoProgressive$699 average annual savings for drivers who switch and save.Progressive|SponsoredSponsoredUndoKelley Blue Book10 Electric Cars That Last the LongestKelley Blue Book|SponsoredSponsoredUndoTopix33 Hilarious Airport SignsTopix|SponsoredSponsoredUndoThrone: Free Online GamesPlay this for 1 minute and see why everyone is addicted!Throne: Free Online Games|SponsoredSponsoredUndoMyFinanceTwo Accounts Your Bank Doesn’t Want You to Know AboutMyFinance|SponsoredSponsoredUndoGundry MDCalling All Carnivores! 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A ticking time bomb at sea

first_img Nation 11 Jul 2019 Pump boats seized, illegals nabbed in fish bomb crackdown in Semporna Nation 07 Jul 2019 WWF Malaysia wants all-out war against fish bombers Nation 07 Jul 2019 MMEA vows to work with Esscom to combat fish bombing in Semporna Philip Golingai Not your usual beverage: An unexploded fish bomb on the sea floor. — Photo courtesy of WWF Malaysia. WITH Bohey Dulang island in the background, a 30-something divemaster checked his surroundings.There was no other boat visible at the Tun Sakaran Marine Park. It was a good day for diving in the east coast of Sabah, and he thought they had the sea all to themselves. It was last October, and he was guiding two 30-something scuba divers from China for a 45-minute dive to spot hawksbill and greenback turtles as well as pygmy seahorses the size of a grain of rice. {{category}} {{time}} {{title}} pgolingai@thestar.com.my They descended into the water about 25m deep. Five minutes into their dive, the divemaster heard a loud blast – PAK!!!“It was deafening. It felt like the blast happened next to my ears. My guests signalled to ask what it was. I signalled back to indicate it was a fish bomb blast,” said the dive­­master, who refused to be identified as he did not want any trouble with the authorities and fish bombers.“I felt afraid because it was a dangerous act.” The divemaster hand-signalled to his two guests to ascend as he was afraid another fish bomb might go off. “Nanti kedua kali dia hentam (Later, he might hit a second time),” he said. Once they surfaced, the Chinese tourists asked him about the loud sound. He answered: “Fish bomb.” They were surprised, and asked “really, there is such a thing here? That is dangerous for us”. He pacified them by saying that fish bombing did not take place that often.But during the trip, the dive­master saw a 4.5m-long speedboat with a 15hp engine and three youths in it. He asked his boatman to approach the speedboat, which was 300m away.He asked the three youths in Ba­­hasa Malaysia: “Do you know you can’t fish bomb in this area?” “Really, we can’t do fish-bombing in this area?” one of them retorted. Firstly, the use of a fish bomb is illegal in Malaysia. Secondly, the area is in the Tun Sakaran Marine Park, which is a gazetted marine conservation park covering 340sq km of sea and coral reefs and 10sq km of land. “You can’t use fish bombs in this area,” the divemaster repeated. One of them took out a fish bomb and gestured as if he wanted to light it and throw it at him. Sensing that the situation had turned dangerous, the divemaster signalled to the boatman to return to Semporna town, about 35km away. He reported the incident to the authorities but no action was taken against the three fish bombers till now. Welcome to Semporna, where fish-bombing is almost a daily threat in the divers’ paradise. On July 5, local divemaster Ab Zainal Abdu, 30, and China nationals Zhao Zhong, 26, and Xu Yingjie, 26, were killed while diving at a site off Pulau Kalapuan in Semporna waters.The deaths of the three divers have been confirmed to be from a bomb blast following the completion of their post-mortem on Wed­nes­day.Fish-bombing, according to the owner of the dive company which the divemaster worked for, is rampant in the waters off Semporna.“Depending on which island you visit, you can hear fish-bombing almost every day. “The joke among the dive operators here is that even with Esscom (Eastern Sabah Security Command), they dare to fish bomb in the day time. Almost every day we can hear it,” said the dive company owner. A fish bomb blast, according to him, is so powerful that it can be felt one kilometre away. “It also sends a shockwave where you are momentarily stunned un­der­­­­­water,” he said. Many in the dive industry in Semporna scoffed at Agriculture and Agro-based Industry Minister Datuk Salahuddin Ayub’s statement that fish-bombing cases were rare in the country, feeling that the mi­nister was clueless about the severity of the situation. If Salahuddin had read a four-month study conducted by WWF Malaysia in Semporna, he would have known that a total of 263 fish-­bombing incidents were recorded between June and September last year.“It is shocking that within just a four-month study period, we re­corded an average of 65 fish­-bombing cases in 2018. “Clearly, urgent action needs to be taken to combat fish-bombing,” said WWF Malaysia’s interim marine head Monique Sumam­pouw.The statistics by WWF Malaysia are just the tip of the iceberg. Since the fatal fish-bombing in­cident, the dive company owner has received WhatsApp and Facebook messages from the international diving community. “Divers from all over the world sent their condolences, and also shared their fish-bombing experien­ces in Semporna waters,” he said. “It is a rare incident. Around the world, we have divers who drown or who are hit by boat propellers.“But to be fish bombed is very rare. That is why it has captured the attention of the international diving community.”The international divers have asked him why such activities are allowed if it is illegal in Malaysia. The only answer, said the dive company owner, is that there’s little enforcement. The death of the three divers by fish-bombing was a tragedy waiting to happen. Related News Related Newslast_img read more

Iran cleric says UK will be slapped in the face for seizure

first_img World 08 Jul 2019 Iran’s Zarif calls on UK to immediately release captured oil tanker Related News Related News World 10 Jul 2019 Rouhani says Britain to face ‘consequences’ for seizing Iranian tanker DUBAI (Reuters) – Britain will soon be “slapped in the face” for the capture of an Iranian supertanker last week, Iranian state TV quoted a cleric as saying on Friday, amid heightened tension between Iran and the West in the Gulf. center_img “Iran’s strong establishment will soon slap Britain in the face for daring to seize the Iranian oil tanker,” cleric Kazem Sedighi told worshippers during Tehran’s Friday prayer sermon, TV reported.Earlier Iran called on Britain to immediately release the oil tanker that British Royal Marines seized last week on suspicion it was breaking European sanctions by taking oil to Syria. (Writing by Parisa Hafezi; Editing by Peter Graff)–– ADVERTISEMENT –– World 08 Jul 2019 Iran’s defence minister says Britain’s seizure of oil tanker was threatening act {{category}} {{time}} {{title}}last_img read more

Tired of bird poop on their cars Kochi residents think cutting trees

first_img Next India Today Web Desk New DelhiJuly 15, 2019UPDATED: July 15, 2019 08:37 IST Some commuters complain that they have to spend nearly 20-30 minutes everyday trying to clean their cars and motorcycles. (Representative image from Reuters)Even as the world over people are recognising the need to plant trees to combat the looming threat of climate change, people in Kochi, Kerala want the local administration to cut down trees.Regular commuters at the Aluva railway station have urged railway authorities to cut down trees in the parking lot of the station.All because they say trees provide a home to birds who ruin their vehicles with their droppings.Some commuters complain that they have to spend nearly 20-30 minutes every day trying to clean their cars and motorcycles. They add that the issue has been brought up before officials on multiple occasions but has been met with a tepid response.I have approached officials many times regarding the issue, a commuter told the Times of India. I have to spend around 20 minutes to clean my vehicle each time I park here, he added.While the railway authorities admit the problem, they have had many difficulties in obtaining the clearances required for the chopping of trees. A railway official said that they were not too keen on “disturbing the ecosystem”. However, he added that there is no other alternative present.He said that the trees in the parking lot where preventing its optimum utilisation. The tree cover has reduced a 3,000 sqft area of land to a 1,500 sqft parking lot.READ | Qutub Minar is under renovation and bird excreta is the reason for the damageREAD | London woman finds two pigeons taking over her home. Internet cannot stop laughing at viral photosFor the latest World Cup news, live scores and fixtures for World Cup 2019, log on to indiatoday.in/sports. Like us on Facebook or follow us on Twitter for World Cup news, scores and updates.Get real-time alerts and all the news on your phone with the all-new India Today app. Download from Post your comment Do You Like This Story? Awesome! Now share the story Too bad. Tell us what you didn’t like in the comments Posted byNishtha Gupta Tired of bird poop on their cars, Kochi residents think cutting trees is the solutionRegular commuters at the Aluva railway station in Kochi have urged railway authorities to cut down trees in the parking lot of the station. All because they say trees provide a home to birds who ruin their vehicles with their droppings.advertisementlast_img read more

Delhi HC imposes Rs 50000 cost on woman for filing false sexual

first_img Press Trust of India New DelhiJuly 12, 2019UPDATED: July 12, 2019 23:22 IST There is no merit in this writ petition which is dismissed with cost of Rs 50,000 to be deposited by the petitioner: Justice JR | File photo from PTIHIGHLIGHTSCourt said the organisation, where woman was working, is at liberty to initiate appropriate action against herThe woman in her complaint had alleged sexual harassment by her senior in 2011The high court said it was of the view that the woman’s complaint appeared to be falseIn a one of its kind order, the Delhi High Court has imposed a cost of Rs 50,000 on a woman for filing a false complaint of sexual harassment against her senior official and dismissed her plea challenging the benefit of doubt given to him.The court said there was no merit in the woman’s petition in which she has challenged the 2012 order of the internal complaint committee (ICC) and sought that direction that the retirement benefits of the man be withheld.”There is no merit in this writ petition which is dismissed with cost of Rs 50,000 to be deposited by the petitioner [woman] with the Delhi High Court Advocates Welfare Trust within four weeks,” Justice JR Midha said.The court said the organisation, where the woman was working, is at liberty to initiate appropriate action against her for “filing a false compliant” against the man in accordance with law.In her petition, the woman had also sought direction to the organisation to initiate independent departmental enquiry against the man and to also prosecute him.The woman in her complaint had alleged sexual harassment by her senior in 2011. She had alleged that the man had misbehaved and made sexual advances towards her.To examine the complaint, an ICC was constituted where the man had denied the allegation and claimed that the complaint was the result of a grudge against him due to certain official work disposed by him in her absence.The committee had observed that the exact content of communication of the incident could not be established and gave benefit of doubt to the man.It had recommended relocating both the woman and the man from their present posting.The high court, after going through the record of the inquiry proceedings, said it was of the view that the woman’s complaint appeared to be false.It said the woman had claimed that the incident took place in the presence of the staff and other members but during the inquiry proceedings, she could not give the name of any person present at that time.”The petitioner has not mentioned the alleged comments of respondent No 3 [man] in the complaint on the ground of modesty. The petitioner did not even disclose the alleged comments before the committee. No reason or justification was been given by the petitioner for not disclosing the same before the committee. The entire complaint of the petitioner appears to be false and has been filed with some ulterior motive,” the court said.Also Read | Delhi High Court turns down plea to declare marital rape as ground for divorceAlso Read | Delhi: Men rally against criminalisation of marital rape, share tales of spousal abuseAlso Watch | Why marital rape can’t be criminalised?For the latest World Cup news, live scores and fixtures for World Cup 2019, log on to indiatoday.in/sports. Like us on Facebook or follow us on Twitter for World Cup news, scores and updates.Get real-time alerts and all the news on your phone with the all-new India Today app. Download from Post your comment Do You Like This Story? Awesome! Now share the story Too bad. Tell us what you didn’t like in the comments Posted byMohak Gupta Tags :Follow Delhi High CourtFollow sexual harassement Delhi HC imposes Rs 50,000 cost on woman for filing false sexual harassment pleaThe court said there was no merit in the woman’s petition in which she has challenged the 2012 order of the internal complaint committee (ICC).advertisement Nextlast_img read more

Another farmer kills self in Wayanad 18 suicide cases since bank recovery

first_imgAnother farmer kills self in Wayanad, 18 suicide cases since bank recovery actionWhile an official statement on the reason behind suicide is yet to be released, the farmer’s family claims Anikuttan committed suicide over pressure of unpaid loans.advertisement P S Gopikrishnan Unnithan WayanadJuly 12, 2019UPDATED: July 12, 2019 15:36 IST Anikuttan, the farmer, allegedly consumed poison and was later rushed to the hospital by his family members. (Representational Image)In yet another case of farmer’s suicide, a 55-year-old man killed himself by consuming poison in Wayanad district of Kerala.The deceased farmer has been identified as Anikuttan from Pulpally region in Wayanad district.On Tuesday, Anikuttan allegedly consumed poison and was later rushed to the hospital by his family members. Anikuttan died on Wednesday morning.While an official statement on the reason behind suicide is yet to be released, the farmer’s family claims Anikuttan committed suicide over pressure of unpaid loans.According to the farmer’s family members, Anikuttan was upset over his father’s unpaid loans. The family was unable to clear off the debt due to repeated crop failures.In May, another debt-ridden farmer from Wayanad — 53 year-old Dinesh Kumar — had ended his life by consuming poison.Congress leader and Wayanad MP Rahul Gandhi had then written to Kerala CM Pinarayi Vijayan, seeking a probe into the suicide of Dinesh Kumar and deanding financial assistance to his family. According to Dinesh’s family, he committed suicide due to pressure of unpaid loans.On Thursday, Congress leader Rahul Gandhi raised the issue of farm distress in the country and said farmers in his parliamentary constituency, Wayanad are committing suicide in the absence proactive government help.Rahul Gandhi said that 18 farmers have committed suicide in Wayanad after banks initiated recovery action against debt-ridden farmers. “In Wayanad alone bank notices have been served to 8,000 farmers. They are facing immediate eviction. Under the SARFAESI Act, their properties are attached against their bank loans,” Rahul Gandhi said.He also alleged that the Centre is refusing to direct the Reserve Bank of India to implement the moratorium announced by the state government.The Kerala government had earlier announced a moratorium on farm loans in the state till December 31, 2019. This would restrict the banks from initiating recovery action on unpaid dues incurred by the farmers.ALSO READ | Day after Amethi visit, Rahul Gandhi raises Wayanad farmers’ suicide in ParliamentALSO WATCH | Zero budget farming can double farmers’ income: Nirmala SitharamanFor the latest World Cup news, live scores and fixtures for World Cup 2019, log on to indiatoday.in/sports. Like us on Facebook or follow us on Twitter for World Cup news, scores and updates.Get real-time alerts and all the news on your phone with the all-new India Today app. Download from Post your comment Do You Like This Story? Awesome! Now share the story Too bad. Tell us what you didn’t like in the comments Posted bySnigdha Choudhury Nextlast_img read more

Mann and dramatic

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” Lauer said in the skit. so we’re looking at it with significant concerns. he decided to get his own back by ordering 200 – thats $230AUS worth of – hash browns. It has attracted multiple tenants. read more